This video explains the concept of Source List in SAP Materials Management, focusing on its importance in defining the procurement sources, such as vendors, from which companies buy materials. The key points discussed in the video are:
- Introduction to Source List: The Source List defines the procurement sources, such as vendors, from which companies buy materials. It is crucial for the purchasing process as it contains the certified vendors for a particular material. Maintaining accurate details in the Source List can reduce the efforts in creating Purchase Orders with reduced manual input.
- Types of Sourcing: Companies may source materials from a single source or multiple sources. Single sourcing means for each material that is purchased, only one vendor is used. Many companies spend a great deal of effort negotiating single-source contracts to reduce the cost of items they purchase. On the other hand, multiple sourcing is the commonly used sourcing method by purchasing departments where more than one supplier is identified for a material.
- Creation of Source List: The video demonstrates how to create a Source List using transaction ME01. It covers the entry of general data, purchase organization data, and purchase organization and plant combination data. It also discusses how the Source List details are copied to purchase orders automatically.
- Mass Maintenance of Source List: A purchasing user can create Source Lists for a range of materials rather than manually creating this list using transaction ME05. This capability is useful if no Source Lists have been created because the Mass maintenance program is a fast way to generate this master data.
- Source Determination: Source determination allows a buyer to find the most suitable source of supply for a purchasing requisition based on various sourcing information. The sourcing information does not necessarily have to come directly from the Source List; it can be found in other places like quota arrangement, scheduling agreement, and the purchasing info record.
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